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Precautions to Take Against Heatstroke This Summer

Posted on Jul 16, 2014


Image courtesy of Google Images

 

Nine years ago NFL player Korey Stringer collapsed at training camp, where the heat index had reached 110. Stringer died later that day due to complications from heat-stroke. While in the hospital, he had a body temperature of 108 degrees.

He was only 27 years old and played for the Vikings. If the NFL controls the sport closely, how could something like this happen? And how much of a risk is the heat for the typical weekend athlete or someone who earns his living working outside?

According to an institute that was founded in Stringer's name, the number of deaths from exertional heatstroke is on the rise. Between 2005 and 2009 there were 18 exertional heatstroke related deaths which had been up from 11 from the previous years. 

The institute states that most of the deaths involve children, but adults are still affected as well. Most often the deaths (heat-related) occur on the football field. This is because the athletes are pushing themselves in the heat because they are trying to secure a spot on the team, they may ignore the signals their bodies are sending them.

According to weather reports, this June has been recorded as one of the hottest and we are still moving into the hotter summer months. Experts are warning those to take precautions against heatstroke, heat exhaustion, heat syncope and heat cramps.

Even severe heatstroke is preventable is the person is immersed in cold water within 10 minutes of collapse. But often times, most people cannot recognizes the symptoms and it is too late, ending in a fatality. 

Here are some things to look out for:

  • Core body temperature greater than 104 degrees
  • Increased heart rate
  • Abnormally low blood pressure
  • Sweating
  • Hyperventilating
  • Disorientation and confusion
  • Dizziness, irrational behavior, irritability, headache, inability to walk, loss of balance or muscle function.
  • Vomiting and Diarrhea
  • Collapse
  • Seizure and Coma

Quickly recognizing and responding to the symptoms is critical. However, half of all heatstrokes occur without warning. 

Athletes should take these precautions, as well as those who work outside. Many workers are focusing on their work and getting the job done, especially if they are on a tight schedule or a temporary worker, and they do not take time to rest and drink enough water. Employers, when the heat index is really high, should be reminding their employees to drink water and take breaks.

If you're an athlete, coach or worker, look out for these signs and symptoms and take measures to protect each other.

For more information on this issue go to The Washington Post.com.